New Delhi: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh’s claim that RSS ideologue Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was asked by Mahatma Gandhi to file a mercy petition with the British government triggered a controversy on Wednesday, drawing sharp reactions from historians, experts and political parties which accused the minister of distorting facts.
The Defence Minister, at an event to launch a book on Savarkar, also known as ‘Veer Savarkar’, called him the first Indian strategic expert of the 20th Century and said that he has been discredited by people belonging to certain political ideologies.
“Lies have been spread about Savarkar. It is said repeatedly that he filed mercy petitions with the British government, but the truth is that he did not file the petition on his own… It is the right of a prisoner to file a mercy plea… Mahatma Gandhi told him to file a mercy petition, he filed the mercy petition because Mahatma Gandhi told him. He had appealed that Savarkar should be released, he had said Savarkar would also participate in the freedom struggle like others in a non-violent way,” Rajnath Singh said.
A letter written to Savarkar by Gandhi in 1920 was shared by several political leaders who accused the defence minister of twisting facts.
According to letters which have been reproduced in a book – The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, published by the Publications Division, Savarkar had written of Gandhi on January 18, 1920, saying the ‘Savarkar brothers’ had already spent ten years in jail.
“It is now clear that the Indian Govt have decided not to release them. Please let me hear from you as to how to proceed in such circumstances,” the letter said.
Gandhi in a reply on January 25, 1920, said, “I have your letter. It is difficult to advise you. I suggest, however, your framing a brief petition setting forth the facts of the case bringing out in clear relief the fact that the offence committed by your brother was purely political.
“I suggest this in order that it would be possible to concentrate public attention on the case. Meanwhile, as I have said to you in an earlier letter. I am moving in the matter in my own way. Yours sincerely.”
Congress leader Jairam Ramesh slammed the minister for twisting what Gandhi had said.
“Rajnath Singh-ji is amongst the few sober & dignified voices in Modi Sarkar. But he doesn’t seem to be free of RSS habit of rewriting history. He has given a twist to what Gandhi actually wrote on Jan 25 1920,” he said in a tweet.
Party leader Shashi Tharoor said Savarkar was lodged in the Cellular Jail on July 4, 1911. “Within six months, he submitted a petition for mercy. His second mercy petition was submitted on November 14, 1913. Gandhi Ji returned to India from South Africa on Jan 9, 1915,” Tharoor said.
CPIM General Secretary Sitaram Yechury spoke on similar lines and said, “Such distortions cannot mislead. The fact is RSS was never part of the freedom struggle. Often collaborated with British.”
BJP leader Amit Malviya meanwhile tweeted a quotation on Savarkar which he quoted to Gandhi.
“He is clever. He is brave, he is a patriot. The evil, in its hidden form of the present system of Government, he saw much earlier than I did. He is in the Andamans for having loved India too well. Under a just government he would be occupying a high post. – Gandhi on Savarkar,” Malviya said in a tweet.
AIMIM leader Asaduddin Owaisi in a series of tweets slammed the minister and said, “In your speech yesterday, you mentioned that Savarkar defined Hindu as anyone for whom India was fatherland or motherland. However, Savarkar, as a man of limited intellectual prowess had actually defined Hindu as someone for whom India was fatherland AND holy Land.”
“In his view, India was not the holy land for Muslims & Christians and so they couldn’t be fully loyal to India. What is your view on this as Defence Minister? Do you subscribe to this theory?” he questioned.
Bahujan Samaj Party leader Danish Ali called it distortion of facts.
“They have done Masters in ‘distortion of facts’. Tell a lie 1000 times and it becomes the truth, is their well known modus operandi. They firmly believe that the students of contemporary history will never buy their version but the new generation passing out from,” he said.
Historian Irfan Habib meanwhile said the letter Gandhi wrote speaks about his generosity.
“…He says about Savarkars, ‘they both state unequivocally that they do not desire independence from the British connection. On the contrary, they feel that India’s destiny can be best worked out in association with the British,” Habib said.
Rajnath Singh, speaking at the launch of a book -“Veer Savarkar: The Man Who Could Have Prevented Partition”, authored by Uday Mahurkar and Chirayu Pandit on Tuesday had said that Savarkar’s contribution to India’s freedom struggle has been undermined, and called him a visionary and great freedom fighter.